Serve pace has been and continues to be certainly one of tennis’ main speaking factors. Even within the early Nineteen Twenties, the discuss of the city was Invoice Tilden’s cannonball serve, which was stated to have been clocked at 163.3 miles per hour.
Tilden used that weapon to dominate the opposite gamers of that period. Whereas an enormous serve as we speak doesn’t assure success on tour, gamers like Pancho Gonzalez, Stan Smith, Roscoe Tanner, Pete Sampras, Andy Roddick, and the Williams sister have used their triple-digit serve speeds to blow away opponents and win Grand Slam titles.
Whereas studies of huge serves from yesteryear are onerous to confirm, the introduction of outsized racquets made out of graphite within the Nineteen Eighties noticed the common gamers soar up considerably in pace, virtually to the purpose that the human eye may not sustain with the ball.
That noticed the introduction of the well-known Cyclops’ infrared beams, and later the Hawk-Eye system, to assist line judges name the traces on serves.
Assisted line judging know-how wasn’t the one tech to be launched, although, and on the Worldwide Gamers Championships in Miami throughout the 1989 season, the game debuted a bit of package that measured the pace of a serve —a radar gun.
Beforehand serve speeds had been measured with unreliable know-how like a ballistic chronometer, however the radar gun provided sooner, extra exact readings and, maybe, extra importantly, gave the tour a numerical speaking level that may very well be used to advertise the sport and its star gamers.
This submit appears on the world’s quickest males’s and girls’s tennis serves recorded all through historical past, how essential an enormous serve is and whether or not or not the gamers successful the massive titles are those with the most important serves. Let’s have a look.
What’s the quickest male tennis serve ever recorded?
The quickest male tennis serve recorded was 263.4 km/h (163.7 mph) in 2012 by Sam Groth of Australia. On the ATP stage, John Isner holds the ATP’s official report for the quickest serve at 253 km/h (157.2 mph).
What’s the quickest feminine tennis serve ever recorded?
The quickest feminine tennis serve was ever recorded at 220 km/h (136.7 mph) in 2018 by Georgina Garcia Pérez of Spain.
What’s the quickest serve ever recorded at Wimbledon?
The quickest serve ever recorded at Wimbledon was 238.2 km/h (148 mph) in 2010 by the American, Taylor Dent. Fellow American Andy Roddick has the second-fastest serve ever recorded at SW19 in 2004 at 235 km/h (146 mph), and in 2017 Milos Raonic fired down the third-fastest serve at 233.3 km/h (145 mph).
What’s the Quickest Tennis Server Ever Recorded?
On Might 9, 2012, at a Challenger occasion in Busan, South Korea, Australian Sam Groth hit the world’s quickest serve recorded at 163.7 mph (263.4 kph).
This bullet of a serve got here three match factors down throughout his second-round match towards Uladzimir Ignatik from Belarus. Groth misplaced the match 4-6, 3-6. You may see his serve within the grainy video beneath:
Groth has a cumbersome muscular construct however quite than a brief, stocky man; he stands at 6’4” (193 cm), giving him loads of uncooked energy and lengthy levers to get the racquet via at excessive speeds.
Some clearer footage from Groth’s match towards Federer at Wimbledon in 2015, the place he clocked 147 mph on serve, additionally highlights that his record-breaking serve was no fluke. Try that floor drive activation and the way he will get his physique weight via the shot.
Is that this the quickest serve ever recorded?
Sure and no. Groth’s serve passed off on the Challenger occasion, and the ATP doesn’t formally recognise service pace information made on the Challenger stage because of an absence of uniformity, availability, and calibration of radar weapons.
However, Groth’s serve pace of 263 km/h (163.4 mph) recorded in Busan was measured utilizing ATP-approved gear, and different information gathered appeared inside a standard vary.
On the ATP stage, John Isner holds the ATP’s official report for the quickest serve at 253 km/h (157.2 mph).
Who’re the Quickest Servers in Tennis?
Whereas the ATP, WTA and ITF don’t keep or publish official serve pace rankings, a whole dataset belongs to SportsMEDIA Know-how (SMT), who’ve been monitoring serve speeds for over 20 years.
After all, serve pace isn’t captured on each courtroom at each match, and generally the know-how used isn’t the identical at each venue. Nonetheless, there’s sufficient information to know what’s bodily attainable and who the most important servers are on tour.
Males’s Prime 42 Quickest Serves Ever (ATP)
I’ve included beneath a listing of the quickest servers in ATP historical past. Gamers can solely be listed as soon as, with their quickest serve being the one within the desk.
- Males’s serves have to be recorded at or over 230 km/h (143 mph) minimal normal pace.
- Just one serve per participant is recorded right here. For instance, Andy Roddick has many serves over 143 mph, however solely his quickest at 249 km/h (155 mph) is included
- In circumstances the place multiple service has been recorded on the similar pace by completely different gamers, the oldest recorded serve is listed first.
|1||Sam Groth||263.0 km/h (163.4 mph)||2012 Busan Open Challenger||Singles||2R|
|2||Albano Olivetti||257.5 km/h (160.0 mph)||2012 Internazionali Trofeo Lame Perrel–Faip||Singles||1R|
|3||John Isner||253.0 km/h (157.2 mph)||2016 Davis Cup||Singles||1R|
|4||Ivo Karlović||251.0 km/h (156.0 mph)||2011 Davis Cup||Doubles||1R|
|Jerzy Janowicz||251.0 km/h (156.0 mph)||2012 Pekao Szczecin Open||Singles||1R|
|Milos Raonic||249.9 km/h (155.3 mph)||2012 SAP Open||Singles||2R|
|6||Andy Roddick||249.4 km/h (155 mph)||2004 Davis Cup||Singles||1R|
|8||Chris Guccione||248.0 km/h (154.1 mph)||2006 Davis Cup||Singles||1R|
|9||Joachim Johansson||244.6 km/h (152.0 mph)||2004 Davis Cup||Doubles||1R|
|Giovanni Mpetshi Perricard||244.5 km/h (152.0 mph)||2023 Roland-Garros||Singles||1R|
|Feliciano López||244.6 km/h (152.0 mph)||2014 Aegon Championships||Singles||1R|
|11||Marius Copil||244.0 km/h (151.6 mph)||2016 European Open||Singles||QF|
|Oscar Otte||243.0 km/h (151.0 mph)||2021 US Open||Singles||4R|
|14||Taylor Dent||241.0 km/h (149.8 mph)||2006 ABN AMRO World Tennis Match||Singles||1R|
|16||Juan Martín del Potro||240.0 km/h (149.1 mph)||2017 Stockholm Open||Singles||F|
|17||Greg Rusedski||239.8 km/h (149.0 mph)||1998 Newsweek Champions Cup||Singles||SF|
|18||Dmitry Tursunov||237.0 km/h (147.3 mph)||2006 Davis Cup||Singles||SF|
|Jo-Wilfried Tsonga||237.0 km/h (147.3 mph)||2014 Rogers Cup||Singles||QF|
|Reilly Opelka||237.0 km/h (147.3 mph)||2022 Sydney||Singles||SF|
|Bernabé Zapata Miralles||237.0 km/h (147.3 mph)||2022 Monte-Carlo||Singles||Q|
|24||Taylor Fritz||236.6 km/h (147.0 mph)||2020 US Open||Singles||3R|
|Ben Shelton||236.6 km/h (147.0 mph)||2023 BNP Paribas Open||Singles||2R|
|25||Fernando González||236.0 km/h (146.6 mph)||2007 Italian Open||Singles||SF|
|Alexander Zverev||236.6 km/h (147.0 mph)||2021 Indian Wells||Singles||2R|
|27||Gaël Monfils||235.0 km/h (146.0 mph)||2007 Legg Mason Tennis Basic||Singles||QF|
|Dušan Vemić||235.0 km/h (146.0 mph)||2008 Countrywide Basic||Singles||?|
|Matteo Berrettini||235.0 km/h (146.0 mph)||2021 Mutua Madrid Open||Singles||F|
|31||Ivan Ljubičić||234.0 km/h (145.4 mph)||2005 Mutua Madrileña Masters Madrid||Singles||F|
|Ričardas Berankis||234.0 km/h (145.4 mph)||2011 Open d’Orléans||Singles||1R|
|Stan Wawrinka||234.0 km/h (145.4 mph)||2016 Davis Cup||Doubles||SF|
|34||Andy Murray||233.4 km/h (145.0 mph)||2007 SAP Open||Singles||1R|
|37||Nicolás Jarry||233.0 km/h (144.8 mph)||2018 Davis Cup||?||1R|
|38||Fernando Verdasco||232.0 km/h (144.2 mph)||2009 French Open||?||?|
|40||Mardy Fish||231.7 km/h (144.0 mph)||2007 Pacific Life Open||Singles||1R|
|42||Robin Söderling||230.1 km/h (143.0 mph)||2010 ATP World Tour Finals||Singles||RR|
|Jiří Veselý||230.1 km/h (143.0 mph)||2014 Wimbledon||Singles||2R|
|Nikoloz Basilashvili||230.1 km/h (143.0 mph)||2017 Wimbledon||Singles||2R|
|Nick Kyrgios||230.1 km/h (143.0 mph)||2019 Wimbledon||Singles||2R|
|Alexander Bublik||230.1 km/h (143.0 mph)||2022 Indian Wells||Singles||2R|
|Roger Federer||230.0 km/h (142.9 mph)||2010 Gerry Weber Open||Singles||F|
|Laslo Djere||230.0 km/h (142.9 mph)||2022 Italian Open||Singles||2R|
|Mats Rosenkranz||230.0 km/h (142.9 mph)||2022 Mallorca||Singles||Q|
Ladies’s Prime 21 Quickest Serves Ever (WTA)
I’ve included beneath a listing of the quickest servers in WTA historical past. Gamers can solely be listed as soon as, with their quickest serve being the one within the desk.
- Ladies’s serves have to be recorded at or over 200 km/h (124 mph) minimal normal pace
- Just one serve per participant is recorded right here. For instance, Serena Williams has lots of of serves above 200 km/h, however solely her quickest at 207 km/h (128.6 mph) is included
- In circumstances the place multiple service has been recorded on the similar pace by completely different gamers, the oldest recorded serve is listed first
|1||Georgina García Pérez||220 km/h (136.7 mph)||2018 Hungarian Girls Open|
|2||Aryna Sabalenka||214 km/h (133.0 mph)||2018 WTA Elite Trophy|
|3||Sabine Lisicki||210.8 km/h (131.0 mph)||2014 Stanford|
|4||Venus Williams||207.6 km/h (129.0 mph)||2007 US Open|
|4||Alycia Parks||207.6 km/h (129.0 mph)||2021 US Open|
|4||Ajla Tomljanović||207.6 km/h (129.0 mph)||2018 Cincinnati Masters|
|7||Serena Williams||207 km/h (128.6 mph)||2013 Australian Open|
|7||Ivana Jorović||207 km/h (128.6 mph)||2017 Fed Cup|
|9||Coco Gauff||206 km/h (128.0 mph)||2022 US Open|
|10||Julia Görges||203 km/h (126.1 mph)||2012 French Open|
|10||Caroline Garcia||203 km/h (126.1 mph)||2016 Fed Cup|
|12||Brenda Schultz-McCarthy||202.7 km/h (126.0 mph)||2007 Indian Wells Masters|
|13||Nadiia Kichenok||202 km/h (125.5 mph)||2015 Australian Open|
|13||Elena Rybakina||202 km/h (125.5 mph)||2022 Billie Jean King Cup finals|
|14||Republic Lucie Hradecká||201.2 km/h (125.0 mph)||2015 Wimbledon|
|14||Naomi Osaka||201.2 km/h (125.0 mph)||2016 US Open|
|16||Anna-Lena Grönefeld||201.1 km/h (125.0 mph)||2009 Indian Wells Masters|
|17||Ana Ivanovic||201 km/h (124.9 mph)||2007 French Open|
|17||Denisa Allertová||201 km/h (124.9 mph)||2015 Australian Open|
|17||Bernarda Pera||201 km/h (124.9 mph)||2021 US Open|
|17||Liudmila Samsonova||201 km/h (124.9 mph)||2023 Dubai|
|20||Kristina Mladenovic||200 km/h (124.3 mph)||2009 French Open|
Unrecorded Quick Serves – Actuality or Folklore?
Earlier than the radar gun got here on the scene within the Nineteen Eighties, serve pace needed to be measured utilizing strategies that had been solely partially as correct.
For instance, Roscoe Tanner’s serve pace was registered at 153 mph at Palm Springs in 1978 throughout the closing towards Raúl Ramírez utilizing older gear.
It’s additionally stated that Invoice Tilden, pictured above, had a serve clocked at 163.3 mph, however sadly, there’s nothing concrete to confirm that.
So is that this the quickest serve with a wood racquet, or is it simply folklore that’s had just a few miles per hour added over time? With the correct approach and biomechanics, we all know 150mph is feasible however 163mph? Unlikely.
How Quick is a Faculty or Excessive College Serve?
Just like the ATP and WTA excursions, serve speeds vary extensively on the school and highschool stage. Whereas common first-serve speeds on the ATP tour will likely be increased than school gamers, loads of school and leisure gamers can hearth down tremendous fast serves.
Gamers like Steve Johnson, who got here via the school system, frequently hit 130 mph on serve throughout their Division 1 years, and with the correct approach, kinetic switch and sufficient apply, breaking the 130 mph barrier just isn’t out of attain for lots of athletes, even when the remainder of their recreation isn’t as much as scratch.
Does the Quickest Serve Imply the Greatest Serve?
Whereas a quick first serve is undoubtedly a helpful device within the arsenal, tennis is a multi-faceted recreation and setting information on the pace gun solely generally interprets to success.
Have a look at the quickest recorded server of all time, Sam Groth. He made it to 24 on the planet however has but to make it previous the third spherical of a Grand Slam. Whereas his serve was a key driver in reaching that rating, it wasn’t sufficient to propel him to the higher echelons of the game.
Evaluate that to 2 gamers who don’t even function within the desk above, Novak Djokovic and Rafael Nadal. They’ve 45 Grand Slam titles however not often exceed the 125 mp/h mark. Nevertheless, they’ve each hit prime speeds of 136 mp/h (219 km/h) and 135 mp/h, respectively, which can’t be sniffed at.
Federer, who does make the checklist of the quickest ever, stated in an interview in 2005 that he by no means serves at 100% pace as you lose accuracy. He believed that if you’re across the 120 mph mark, that’s fast sufficient, and accuracy issues extra.
What Serve Speeds Do the Prime Gamers within the World Serve At?
The best-ranked gamers naturally have good serves, however quite than the uncooked pace, they usually depend on placement, consistency and selection to win matches. Let’s take a look at what speeds among the present Prime 10 generate.
Djokovic has one of the crucial improved serves on tour and, beneath Becker’s tutelage, turned a weak spot right into a power.
The Serb ditched the yippy bowling movement into one of many cleanest strategies, and whereas he isn’t setting pace information, his tempo and accuracy are a handful for all comers.
|Peak||188cm (6ft 2″)|
|Quickest serve pace||219 km/h (136 mph)|
|Age when serve hit||22|
|Match||2009 Madrid Masters|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||184 km/h (114.5 mph)|
Out of all Nadal’s attributes on a tennis courtroom, his serve is the least spectacular when it comes to approach, spin, variation and pace, however when it’s working, it does bag him some free factors.
Whereas not the quickest, he’s tinkered round with it over time, notably on the 2010 US Open, the place he added ten miles per hour greater than we’d seen earlier than, and that’s the place he hit his profession quickest serve of 135 mph.
|Peak||185cm (6ft 1″)|
|Quickest serve pace||217 km/h (135 mph)|
|Age when serve hit||25|
|Match||2010 US Open|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||180 km/h (112 mph)|
Thiem’s serve has undergone a number of adjustments over time, shifting from pinpoint stance to platform, tweaking his movement between an extended fluid swing to an abbreviated Monfils or Roddick model, after which again to a full fluid movement.
|Quickest serve pace||232 km/h (144 mph)|
|Peak||185 cm (6ft 1″)|
|Age when serve hit||24|
|Match||2017 Gerry Weber Open|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||182 km/h (113mph)|
Undoubtedly one of many biggest servers of all time, Roger Federer can hit serves within the 130 mph vary, together with his quickest ever being 143 mph.
Somewhat than uncooked pace, Federer depends extra on selection and states he not often serves at 100% pace because of the related drop-off with with the ability to land it precisely. Serving at excessive pace additionally places a big pressure on the physique, which with a historical past of again issues, is one thing the Swiss is eager to keep away from.
|Quickest serve pace||230 km/h (143 mph)|
|Peak||185 cm (6ft 1″)|
|Age when serve hit||29|
|Match||2010 Gerry Weber Open|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||187 km/h (116 mph)|
|Quickest serve pace||214 km/h (133 mph)|
|Peak||193cm (6ft 4″)|
|Age when serve hit||20|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||193 km/h (120mph)|
|Quickest serve pace||209 km/h (130 mph)|
|Peak||198cm (6ft 6″)|
|Age when serve hit||23|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||190 km/h (118mph)|
|Quickest serve pace||229 km/h (142mph)|
|Peak||198cm (6ft 6″)|
|Age when serve hit||22|
|Profession Common First Serve Velocity||201 km/h (125mph)|
Does Peak Assist When It Comes To Serving?
The reply right here is sure, and the info rapidly proves it. Have a look at the graph beneath that exhibits the connection between pace and peak for the ten quickest serves of all time:
Can You Measure Your Serve Velocity?
The prices of radar gear just a few years in the past had been prohibitively costly, however as know-how has superior, costs have come down, and devices such because the Pocket Radar have made it extra accessible.
The Pocket Radar is priced at $299 to $399, so for a person, it’s in all probability not value it as you’d use it as soon as in a blue moon. Nevertheless, for a coach or a bunch purchase at a tennis membership, it’s a enjoyable little device to trace enchancment if you’re making an attempt to ramp up the mp/h.
A number of apps promise to trace server pace; that is normally finished by following the ball by way of frames per second and understanding distance over time. They probably may very well be extra correct, however they’re value a go for a little bit of enjoyable.
Who Has The Greatest Serve?
I listed who I believed the Prime 5 servers of all time had been just a few years in the past; that checklist is due for an replace, however listed below are my takes on the next:
Who has the most effective serve?
When it comes to approach and fluidity, Milos Raonic.
Who has the toughest serve to return?
Sadly, I haven’t confronted it, however it needs to be John Isner.
Who has essentially the most selection on serve?
Roger Federer, all from the identical ball toss for nice disguise.
Who has essentially the most correct serve?
Once more, Roger Federer.
Who has essentially the most dependable serve?
Of the gamers, I’ve seen, Pete Sampras.
How rapidly do you serve? Have you ever confronted any large servers at membership stage? Let me know within the feedback.